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Customising the ViewPager


So we found out how to use the ViewPager here and so next is how to customise the ViewPager indicator to match with your app’s theme – all the colors and stuff. If you haven’t already, please check the previous blog post. This is the continuation

We are going to build a style, which we will reference in the manifest as the Activity’s theme.

  1. Go to the values folder in you project  and add the following entry
  2. <resources>
        <style name="StyledIndicators" parent="@android:style/Theme.Light.NoTitleBar">
            <item name="vpiTabPageIndicatorStyle">@style/CustomTabPageIndicator</item>
        </style>
        
        <style name="CustomTabPageIndicator" parent="Widget.TabPageIndicator">
            <item name="android:background">@drawable/custom_tab_indicator</item>
            <item name="android:textColor">#FF555555</item>
        </style>
    
    </resources>
    
  3. in the drawable folder (any of them drawable – hdpi, mdpi…) add a new xml known as custom_tab_indicator.xml as referenced above
  4. <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
    <selector xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
    
        <!-- Non focused states -->
        <item android:drawable="@drawable/custom_tab_indicator_unselected" android:state_focused="false" android:state_pressed="false" android:state_selected="false"/>
        <item android:drawable="@drawable/custom_tab_indicator_selected" android:state_focused="false" android:state_pressed="false" android:state_selected="true"/>
    
        <!-- Focused states -->
        <item android:drawable="@drawable/custom_tab_indicator_unselected_focused" android:state_focused="true" android:state_pressed="false" android:state_selected="false"/>
        <item android:drawable="@drawable/custom_tab_indicator_selected_focused" android:state_focused="true" android:state_pressed="false" android:state_selected="true"/>
    
        <!-- Pressed -->
        <!-- Non focused states -->
        <item android:drawable="@drawable/custom_tab_indicator_unselected_pressed" android:state_focused="false" android:state_pressed="true" android:state_selected="false"/>
        <item android:drawable="@drawable/custom_tab_indicator_selected_pressed" android:state_focused="false" android:state_pressed="true" android:state_selected="true"/>
    
        <!-- Focused states -->
        <item android:drawable="@drawable/custom_tab_indicator_unselected_pressed" android:state_focused="true" android:state_pressed="true" android:state_selected="false"/>
        <item android:drawable="@drawable/custom_tab_indicator_selected_pressed" android:state_focused="true" android:state_pressed="true" android:state_selected="true"/>
    
    </selector>
    

The images are here. Download them and place in your drawable folder. You can photoshop them to get the right color you want.

Lastly at the manifest, add the following theme in your activity tag.

 android:theme="@style/StyledIndicators"

And So you should have:

 <activity
            android:name=".MainActivity"
             android:theme="@style/StyledIndicators"
            android:label="@string/title_activity_main" >
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>

Here is a screenshot.

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2 Comments

Posted by on September 28, 2012 in Android, Android tutorials, Code

 

Tags: , , ,

The ViewPager

So this is the first on the series on android open source libraries that I have come across. The ViewPager is used in alot of apps. It allows you to swipe across the screen to change the layout or move to the next page, sort of like tabs but not really. Its used in alot of apps, Google play store app uses it.

Im going to use Jake Wharton ViewPagerIndicator. 

  1. Go over to Git here or at the site, then look for a download button. Its going to a zip folder, unzip somewhere you will remember (in your worlkspace is good).
  2. Open eclipse, in your workspace, go to file -> Import. A dialog box will appear prompting you, under android select ‘Existing Android Code into Workspace’
  3. Browse into the folder you just unzipped and select ‘library’
  4. (I kno I skipped a number). Click ok and ok again in the next dialog.
  5. Start up your android project if you havent already. Now at the Project Explorer on your left, Right click on the folder of your application and choose properties. It should take you to this dialog. Choose android on the left.
  6.  Click on the ‘Add’ button then choose Library – the folder we imported into your workspace.
  7. If you are getting an error – “Found 2 versions of android-support-v4.jar in the dependency list but not all the versions are identical (check is based on SHA-1 only at this time).”. Go over to your ‘libs’ folder and replace android-support-v4.jar file with that in the library project you imported. Go to Project -> Clean.

We are now good to go. There are two things involved here: a ViewPager and an Indicator. The ViewPager is the main page while the indicator is sort of like the tab (in this case).

    1. In your project add a new xml file. (main_activity.xml – it was the default)
<LinearLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent">

    <com.viewpagerindicator.TabPageIndicator
        android:id="@+id/indicator"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        />
    <android.support.v4.view.ViewPager
        android:id="@+id/pager"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:layout_weight="1"
        />
</LinearLayout>
    1. Also create xml file – one or more that will be the different pages that a user can swipe through
<!-- page.xml -->
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical" >

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/tvTitle"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Title"
        android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceLarge" />
<a href="https://mycodeandlife.files.wordpress.com/2012/09/device-2012-09-27-204357.png"><img src="https://mycodeandlife.files.wordpress.com/2012/09/device-2012-09-27-204357.png?w=200" alt="" title="device-2012-09-27-204357" width="200" height="300" class="aligncenter size-medium wp-image-300" /></a>
    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/tvdesc"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Description" />

</LinearLayout>

On the java side we have MainActivity.java

package com.gilo.viewpagerexample;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Context;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Parcelable;
import android.support.v4.view.PagerAdapter;
import android.support.v4.view.ViewPager;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.TextView;

import com.viewpagerindicator.TabPageIndicator;

public class MainActivity extends Activity{
        //these are the titles that will appear on the "tabs"
	final String[] page_titles = new String[]{"Home", "Me", "Apps", "Android", "About"};
	//this will go the description TextView
        final String[] desc = new String[]{
			"This is the homepage the first one you will see.",
			"I'm pretty much me for now I run this really cool blog you should check it out at mycodeandlife.wordpress.com",
			"I build appps mostly for fun. If you ever want an app just holla",
			"This is the android section",
			"This blog is my journal through life in code and development"
	};
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        //Instantiating the adapter
        GiloAdapter mAdapter = new GiloAdapter(this);

        //instantiate the Views
        ViewPager mPager = (ViewPager)findViewById(R.id.pager);
        mPager.setAdapter(mAdapter);

        TabPageIndicator mIndicator = (TabPageIndicator)findViewById(R.id.indicator);
        mIndicator.setViewPager(mPager);
    }

    private class GiloAdapter extends PagerAdapter{

    	Context context;

    	public GiloAdapter(Context c){
    		this.context = c;
    	}

    	//This is the number of pages -- 5
		@Override
		public int getCount() {
			// TODO Auto-generated method stub
			return page_titles.length;
		}

		@Override
		public boolean isViewFromObject(View v, Object o) {
			// TODO Auto-generated method stub
			return v.equals(o);
		}

		//This is the title of the page that will apppear on the "tab"
		public CharSequence getPageTitle(int position) {
            return page_titles[position];
        }

		//This is where all the magic happen
		public Object instantiateItem(View pager, int position) {
			final LayoutInflater inflater = (LayoutInflater) context.getSystemService(Context.LAYOUT_INFLATER_SERVICE);
    		View v = inflater.inflate(R.layout.page, null, false);

    		TextView title = (TextView)v.findViewById(R.id.tvTitle);
    		TextView description = (TextView) v.findViewById(R.id.tvdesc);

    		title.setText(page_titles[position]);
    		description.setText(desc[position]);

    		//This is very important
    		( (ViewPager) pager ).addView( v, 0 );

    		return v;
		}

    	@Override
    	public void destroyItem(View pager, int position, Object view) {
    		((ViewPager) pager).removeView((View) view);
    	}

    	@Override
    	public void finishUpdate(View view) {
    	}

    	@Override
    	public void restoreState(Parcelable p, ClassLoader c) {
    	}

    	@Override
    	public Parcelable saveState() {
    		return null;
    	}

    	@Override
    	public void startUpdate(View view) {
    	}

    }

}

The ViewPage takes an Adapter in this case I’ve written GiloAdapter. The most important method is instantiateItem(View pager, int position) which selects which Layoout to use. I used a LayoutInflator but with only one Layout.(The current library uses fragments). If you are familiar with Adapters from ListViews then its almost the same idea. The destroyItem() is also important that you override or your app will force close with weird error messages.

Lastly we are going to use the default style in the library, so in the manifest add this in the manifest in your Activity tag:

android:theme="@style/Theme.PageIndicatorDefaults"

The .MainActivity in my app

<activity
            android:name=".MainActivity"
             android:theme="@style/Theme.PageIndicatorDefaults"
            android:label="@string/title_activity_main" >
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>

And we have

Thats it, next blogposts we’ll change the colors(customise), maybe look at another indicator.
Drop a comment if you found this helpful or if you got some error you can’t figure out, and I’ll try and have a look.

 
12 Comments

Posted by on September 27, 2012 in Android, Android tutorials, Code

 

Tags: , , , ,